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The Causes of Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) 70

The Causes of Narcissistic Personality Disorder  (NPD)

Personality traits can be well managed on positive site at  such workplaces. Here people interact and develop emotional understanding in a better way and may reduce narcissism.

Table of Contents

The Causes of Narcissistic Personality Disorder  (NPD)

How is Narcissistic Personality Disorder  NPD Treated?

Types of Narcissism

What’s narcissistic personality disorder?

Measures to Avoid  Narcissism

The Causes of Narcissistic Personality Disorder  (NPD)

The causes of NPD may be  genetic defect. Other causes may be related to  the environment around. The contribution of environmental factors is discussed under the following topics.

Workplace Environment.

Workplace environment everywhere is created  for project-oriented  requirements and involves processes to take up activities for so many events. It has man, machines, equipment, resources and above all the management  of all activities. Human resource is of prime importance to take up the operations. Major interactive process in human resources is the communication process. About 80 to 90 percent time on project is consumed in communication process, with verbal communication being the most. This verbal communication is an important aspect  of HRM. This is the platform now used at most of the organization to manage manpower where attitudinal and behavioural changes may be implemented for HR. Personality traits can be well managed on positive site at  such workplaces. Here people interact and develop emotional understanding in a better way and may reduce narcissism.

Childhood Abuse or Neglect

Personality traits can be well managed on positive site at  such workplaces. Here people interact and develop emotional understanding in a better way and may reduce narcissism.

Starting from the childhood age , the child may not get needed encouragement or stimuli (a thing or event that evokes a specific functional reaction in an organ or tissue ) for his or her activity on the development requirement side.

These may be

Not giving propre attention to child development – The attention may be less, more, or not at all and depends on the parents’ attitudes.

Full filling  or not fulfilling the  required / excessive needs of children. –  The discrimination  in case of group meetings the children understand the emotions of each other and may reduce the narcissism activity.

Victims of abuse remain isolated and are devoid of social interaction and environment around. This isolation creates depression and low esteem. The person is not able to take decision, there is low output, and the feeling of insecurity develops, and suicidal tendencies further develop.

“The irrational desire for control, domination, and power over the other person is the main force that fuels domestic violence between couples.”

-Luis Rojas Marcos-


The vulnerable (susceptible to physical or emotional attack ) environment faced in childhood affects the mindset and later child creates a wall around to safeguard himself. The feeling of vulnerable environment gets developed due devoid of empathy and social acceptance, which is a neglect on the part of caretaker or the parents. A narcissism gets developed in child’s personality which protects him from aftereffects of vulnerable environment.

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Excessive Parental Pampering (indulge with every attention, comfort, and kindness;)

Parent must pay attention for required and right development of the children. For this the parent must have consistency in their behaviour and should be emotionally intelligent  enough  to create atmosphere so that the child has a balance quality of developed  personality traits in them. The developed child must have the  understanding for differentiate the good and bad or right and wrong.

Unrealistic Expectations from Parents it should be the endeavour  from parent to do the right things at the right time in the child caring process. Fulfilling unrealistic demands of children may create narcissism in them.


Over-assurance introduces the thought in the youngster’s brain that they are unequipped for confronting life’s challenges all alone. They likewise make them believe that there is “something unique” inside them that should be continually dealt with. These feeds both uncertainty and overstated narcissism.

How is Narcissistic Personality Disorder  NPD Treated?

Training, and Creating Awareness

The best way to treat narcissism is managing their behaviour. Instead of telling them their shortcomings, inform them about the goodness in the world and around workplace. Diverting their attention to other team-based outputs at workplace may help them in managing their attitude.

During the interaction process two types of persons can be categorised,

One –  who  want to get educated about NPD.

Two –  who do not want to get educated. These people need behavioural training.

Training and awareness shall alleviate the disorders to some extent.

Emotional Intelligence Development

Emotional intelligence is another aspect that can be developed in the individual’s personality.

Emotionally intelligent people are well aware of behavioural science and have better understanding of personality trait management’


Medication may help if narcissist exhibits symptoms of anxiety, depression, or in  other such  conditions.


Psychotherapy the treatment of mental conditions by verbal communication and interaction is another form of treatment may be suggested by mental health professionals. It is a long-term process

Types of Narcissism

Man is a bundle of habits. Some are good, bad, or in between good or bad. Going through the symptoms of narcissists, these may be found in most of the people.  Both the negative and positive personality traits must be assessed holistically. Most of the time the negative traits remain overpowered by good personality traits. The reverse is also true.

A study in brief of some narcissistic personality traits will provide further understanding of Narcissism,

Abby Moore on mindbodygreen    suggest eight types of Narcissists

1Healthy narcissismPersonality trait of getting enlightenment belongs to narcissist also, but if this trait is shared with others, further provide entitlement to narcissists as  good feeling to narcissist. And it is considered as healthy one
2Grandiose (Lavish) narcissism Grandiosity refers to having an unrealistic sense of superiority.
3Vulnerable (Unsafe) narcissism, also known as covert narcissismShy and do not want to seek other’s attention. Do not like criticism as they cannot face it. Fell they are the sufferer than any other 
4Malignant narcissism Severe  personality trait, show sadism and aggressive so much that they cannot be controlled. Your efforts to manage them will create problem to you.
5Sexual narcissism They admire their own sex powers and manipulate people with such powers. One must avoid relationship with such person you 
6Somatic narcissism   Not well-wishers. Feels good with their body shape and  beauty and consider themselves fairer o ohers.
7Cerebral narcissist Cerebral narcissists believe they’re smarter than others and this feeling they derive from their mind. These are difficult to deal as they feel wise enough than others
8Spiritual narcissist   There are person who get upset in life from certain factors or  are insecure set of mind. These people, to influence other show themselves as ideal person with the spiritual knowledge in them. These people try to downgrade someone’s personality by their so called

What’s narcissistic personality disorder?

NPD  is assessed from the personality traits as discussed above, and for this the mental health specialist  follow the directions set by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.

Since the narcissists  are the part of the public engaged in workplaces, the disorders in the personalities  affect the relationships, self-image, behaviour, and management abilities of the workforce. it is important to deal with NPD to manage organizational goals or the output at all work force. NPD treatment, at the same time provide necessary motivation to workforce and enhances their emotional intelligence development.

There’s no test that can identify narcissistic personality.

The DSM-5 lists nine key narcissistic traits:

Feeling of lavishness and self-important, demands to be recognized as superior without having any efforts

Is obsessed with fantasies of unlimited success, fame, power. Have personality traits of somatic and cerebral narcissists.

regular fantasies about personal power, intelligence, success, or attractiveness

Firm belief in  uniqueness, specialness  about herself or himself, and wants to be understood like that by the  elites.

Needs excessive admiration, adulation, attention, otherwise may be notorious.

Feels entitled (privileged). Wants to be treated in a special and have unreasonable expectations for immediate compliance.

Have habit of controlling with manipulative tactics.

Cannot be considered as emotionally intelligent and is not interested in showing an ability to understand and share the feelings of another.

Envious of others or believes that others feel the same about him.

Arrogant,( having or revealing an exaggerated sense of one’s own importance or abilities) attitudes when frustrated.

The mental health professional checks the suspect for above traits. If the suspect is found to have 50 percent of above traits may be considered a narcissist for NPD. The signs and symptoms of narcissism are found in all personalities to some extent. A judicious and practical approach in assessment of NPD is required from mental health professional.

Measures to Avoid  Narcissism

At every workplace, if someone can understand the narcissism , then he can manage the effect on personality trats of self and the workforce, for the benefit of organisation , from following some of the tips given below:

Find Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats regarding yourself to understand the self within.

Accept yourself and motivate yourself for shortcomings. Instead of focusing on others, get to know yourself.

Compare yourself with other in reference to your strength and weaknesses. Instead of comparing yourself to others, know your worth.

Experience your imperfections and improvise the outcomes.

Be positive and work like team. Teamwork is ultimate for success.

Be positive and understand and counter negativism. Challenge your negative thoughts.

Plan your work milestones and manage them. Overcoming failures provide ultimate success.

Follow good practices not the best practices in setting your standards at workplace to avoid frustration, and disappointments. Avoid setting high standards for your actions- ( shall make your goals achievement easy and you will be a satisfied person)

Avoid setting unrealistic expectations – (you will live in real world without stress).

Communication is an important aspect  and ensure to follow the right process.

Every operation must be done with right process, tools and techniques and inputs for a good output, with a provision of necessary improvisation.

Hard and fast operation rules must be avoided at workplace.

Monitoring and control and feedback are good for learning. Equally good is to understand the historical aspect for similar workplace operations.

Act to face failures and sufferings instead of self-criticism  and demotivating yourself. Know that nobody is perfect. Auto suggest yourself to face the adversities.

Focus on your worth and not on accomplishment, instead of focusing on the outcome, enjoy the process.

Keep your conscious clear and go ahead. Instead of trying to please everyone, be true to yourself.

Be assertive in carrying out your workplace operations. If you are not,  you are killing the needs and requirements, and it will affect the output of  the teams.

Instead of being ashamed of your flaws, love your imperfect self.

And above all keep your conscience clear and go-ahead for workplace operation