The Engineers Day
A tribute the greatest Indian Engineer Sir Mokshagundam Vishweshvaraya,
‘Engineering for Change’ is the theme of Engineers Day 2019.
The Engineering Community across India celebrates Engineers Day on 15 September every year as a tribute to the greatest Indian Engineer Bharat Ratna Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya.
Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, born on 15 September 1861, in Muddenahalli near Chikkaballapur.
Early life of Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya
Sir MV was born on September 15th, 1861 to
father Srinivasa Sastry and mother Venkatraman at Muddenahalli village in Kolar district of Karnataka. He lost his father at the age of 15 and moved with his mother to Bangalore where his maternal uncle H Ramaiah lived.
He got admitted to the Wesleyan Mission High School in 1875; after completing his schooling, he completed B.A with distinction from Central College of Bangalore and Civil Engineering from College of Engineering, Pune in 1881 and 1883 respectively. He secured first rank in the LCE and FCE examinations (equivalent to BE Examination of the current days).
He started his professional life as an Assistant Engineer with Public Works Department (PWD) at Mumbai (earlier Bombay) in 1884 and wconstruction and laying out city developments plans in several important towns.
He worked with complete dedication and perseverance and got promoted as Chief Engineer in Mysore State in 1909. He also worked as Chairman of Bhadravati Iron Works and later became the member of Back Bay Enquiry Committee, London. He was also the member of the governing council of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Dewan of Mysore State for 6 years, President of Education and Industrial Development Committees in Mysore State and the Member of the Governing Council of TATA Iron and Steel Company (TISCO).as later requested to join the Indian Irrigation Commission. As a Public Works Department engineer, he accomplished several projects related to maintenance of public buildings, road
After topping the Poona College of Engineering he was directly recruited by Government of Bombay and appointed as Assistant Engineer in Public Works Department
He created automatic sluice gates which were later reused for Tigra Dam (in Madhya Pradesh) and KRS Dam (in Karnataka) as well. For this patent design, he was supposed to get a recurring income in the form of royalty, but he refused it so that the government could use this money for more developmental projects.
Between 1895 and 1905, he worked in different parts of India:
In Hyderabad, he improved the drainage system.
In Bombay, he introduced a block system of irrigation and water weir flood gates.
In Bihar and Orissa, he was a part of the building railway bridges project and water supply schemes.
In Mysore, he supervised the construction of KRS dam, the then Asia’s biggest damHe was offered Dewan ship (Prime Minister position) of Mysore in 1908 and given full responsibility for all the development projects.
Under his Dewan ship, Mysore saw major transformation in the realms of Agriculture, Irrigation, Industrialization, Education, Banking and Commerce.He was conferred with India’s highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna in 1955 for his contribution towards engineering.